The entire procedure of creating solid objects which are three dimensional by the use of a digital file is called 3D printing. The manufacturing of 3D printed objects is achieved by using an additive process. The additive process is a repetitive method of placing the layers side-by-side until an object is completely created. It is a combination of many very thin horizontal cross-sectional parts of the final product. 3D printing also enables you to produce any complex shape using less material than the original manufacturing methods. Subtractive manufacturing which is a process of cutting out a piece of metal or plastic with a proper machine this process is the exact opposite of 3D printing.
The 3D printing work starts with a 3D model. You can either create this 3D model by yourself or you have to download it from a 3D repository. While creating it yourself you can choose to use a 3D scanner, app, device, code, or 3D modeling software.
There is a wide range of 3D modeling software tools available in the market a few of them cost thousands of dollars for one year license but yes there is always an open-source software that you can get it for free. Tinkercad is a modeling software that is free and works in your browser you don’t have to install it on the computer. After selecting the 3D model the next step is called slicing.
What about the Pricing?
Pricing is a process of dividing a 3D model into many horizontal layers with the help of slicing software. Some of the 3D printers also have a built-in slicer. After the file is sliced it is ready to be received by the 3D printer. It can be performed via USB for the internet and then your sliced model is ready to be printed in the 3D printer layer by layer.
In the initial stages, 3D printing was only suitable for one of manufacturing or prototyping but now it is rapidly transforming into production Technology. Most of the 3D printing software is industrial.
3D printing is a diversified industry and has many applications, for example, consumer products like footwear design, furniture, Industrial products like prototypes and manufacturing tools, dental products, prosthetics, prototypes used for architectural models, fossil reconstruction, duplicating the ancient artifacts, and temporary props used in movies. 3D printing is an obvious ally to creativity so it is not a surprise that 3D printing technology is used in art as well.
3D printers are relatively cheap and it is very fast at work. The entire process from the 3D model to the final prototype will be in a matter of a few days instead of weeks. 3D printing is majorly used in rapid manufacturing which is a new method of manufacturing where a few businesses use only 3D printers for small batch custom manufacturing.
The printers have been used for a very long time in the automotive companies which are printing spare parts, tools, fixtures, and also and used parts. The automotive Industries over the world are using 3D printed parts to restore the old cars, for example, a few Automotive engineers printed parts of a car to bring it back to life in doing this they had printed parts that were completely out of production for decades.
3D printing in the aviation industry
3D printing has very significant use in the aviation industry in many different ways. The aviation company has 3D printed around 30,000 Cobalt-Chrome fuel nozzles for its aircraft engines. They have achieved this by producing 600 pieces per week on 40 different 3D printers. To make the product stronger a few parts have been welded together and made into a single three-dimensional component that has a low mass. This aircraft engine is the best-selling engine in the aviation sector due to its high efficiency and economy.
It has also been part of education and student’s project work which enables the students to 3D print their ideas in a more affordable and faster way. The 3D printed prototypes are mostly found common in architecture, animation, arts, fashion studies, and industrial design degree courses. Medical labs are manufacturing all kinds of bio-printers and designs for prosthetics. Similarly, engineers are also incorporating 3D printing into designs of automobiles and airplanes. Well if you want to start printing a 3D prototype you need to e decide what you would like to print. The next step would be to choose which kind of 3D printer will be the right choice for you to invest in.